Euclid 

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Euclid of Alexandria Born around 325 BC and died about 265 BC in Alexandria, Egypt. This is the most usually presented idea  that Euclid was an ordinary mathematician/scholar, who simply lived in Alexandria and wrote his Elements  a book which was as popular as Bible until the 19th century. The real identity of Euclid is however not certain at all. The situation is best summed up by a historian of mathematics, Itard, who gave three possible hypotheses with regard to Euclid's identity:
Euclid's achievement was so great that even in the Middle Ages, when mathematics was all but forgotten, and only handful of copies were preserved by the Arab mathematicians and later translated to Latin and even later to vernacular languages, myths were circulating among the masons and builders in England. In some mediaeval manuscripts Euclid was described as someone who not only wrote the book in which all knowledge of mathematics was preserved, but also as someone who founded the craft of building.

Lots to see and do on Euclid! First see about where he lived (if he did at all!). See about his Elements. See Book I of Euclid's Elements. Learn about the different between Euclidean and nonEuclidean geometries. See the foremost interactive site on Euclid's Elements. See Euclid's proof on the inifity of PRIMES. See some other famous mathematicians here, or even a page where some of them appear when they were kids. 

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