timeline of Egyptian maths

 

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Around 4000BC to 2000BC. Babylonians and Egyptians developed calendars and began using them. The first symbols for numbers were used, and the Babylonians develop a sexagesimal number system without a zero place value.

Around 1900BC one of the two mathematical papyri is written - the Moscow Papyrus (also called the Golenishev papyrus) giving details of Egyptian geometry.

About 1700BC the Ahmes (or Rhind) papyrus is written. It shows number work of Egyptian scribe, in particular dealing with fractions.

 

 

   

Sesheta, or Sefkhet-Aabut is the goddess of learning and writing. Her name was sometimes thought to mean 'she who has inverted the horns' or 'she who is provided with seven horns'. The first part of her name Sefkhet is also a word for seven.

She is the ultimate scribe, the goddess of scribes (the word for scribe is sesh). In her hands she holds a scribe's palette and writing reed. She was a goddess of the library as well. She is sometimes called "great one, lady of letters, mistress of the house of books". She was thought of to be a recording angel, and was an associate of Thoth, the god of mathematics.

 

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